EUR/USD (Euro/U.S. Dollar)
- The EUR/USD pair is the most traded pair in the forex market, representing the two largest economies in the world. The Euro is the currency of the European Union, while the U.S. Dollar is the currency of the United States.
USD/JPY (U.S. Dollar/Japanese Yen)
- The USD/JPY pair is the second most traded pair in the forex market. The U.S. Dollar is the world's reserve currency, while the Japanese Yen is the third most traded currency in the world.
GBP/USD (British Pound/U.S. Dollar)
- The GBP/USD pair is also known as the "cable" and it represents the currencies of the United Kingdom and the United States. The British Pound is the fourth most traded currency in the world.
USD/CHF (U.S. Dollar/Swiss Franc)
- The USD/CHF pair represents the currencies of the United States and Switzerland. The Swiss Franc is often considered a safe haven currency, and it is used as a hedge against inflation and currency fluctuations.
AUD/USD (Australian Dollar/U.S. Dollar)
- The AUD/USD pair represents the currencies of Australia and the United States. The Australian Dollar is often used as a proxy for commodities, and it is heavily influenced by the price of gold and other raw materials.
USD/CAD (U.S. Dollar/Canadian Dollar)
- The USD/CAD pair represents the currencies of the United States and Canada. The Canadian Dollar is often called the "loonie" and it is heavily influenced by the price of oil.
NZD/USD (New Zealand Dollar/U.S. Dollar)
- The NZD/USD pair represents the currencies of New Zealand and the United States. The New Zealand Dollar is often used as a proxy for dairy prices, as New Zealand is one of the world's largest dairy exporters.
These seven pairs are considered the major currency pairs because they have the highest trading volumes and the tightest bid-ask spreads. They are also the most liquid currency pairs, meaning that they can be easily bought and sold at any time during the trading day.
It's worth noting that there are also minor currency pairs and exotic currency pairs. Minor currency pairs include currencies from smaller economies such as the Swedish Krona (SEK), Norwegian Krone (NOK), and the Singapore Dollar (SGD). Exotic currency pairs include currencies from emerging economies such as the South African Rand (ZAR), Mexican Peso (MXN), and the Turkish Lira (TRY).
In summary, the major currency pairs in forex trading are the most commonly traded pairs and represent the largest economies in the world. Trading these pairs can provide opportunities for profit, but it's important to understand the risks involved and to have a solid trading strategy in place.